What Causes Male Pattern Baldness, and How to Treat It?

Is your hair starting to thin out? No one likes to experience hair loss, especially at an unexpected age. However, male pattern baldness is very common, and in fact, about 42% of men experience extensive hair loss.

What causes male pattern baldness, and are there ways to prevent it? Keep reading to find out!

What Causes Male Pattern Baldness?

The main cause of hair loss in men is a medical condition known as androgenic alopecia, and up to half of the men are diagnosed by the age of 50. Yet, even though alopecia is the most common form of hair loss, there are other things that contribute to hair loss in men. 


Genetic factors play a big role in some cases of male pattern baldness. In fact, lots of men inherit this condition, and it accounts for about 80% of the cases. If you have any close relatives that experienced hair loss, chances are you will too.


Research shows that the hair follicles on a bald scalp contain higher levels of a sex hormone called dihydrotestosterone. Men who produce an excessive amount of testosterone also produce DHT. This causes the hair follicles to shrink, leading to baldness, so uncontrolled hormone levels can provoke hair loss.


Male pattern baldness is also very common the more you age. This is because the more you age, the slower your hair follicles grow, and eventually, they stop growing altogether. 

Physical and Emotional Stress

Another major risk cause of male pattern baldness is physical and emotional stress. In fact, there is a condition known as telogen effluvium, which results in losing large amounts of hair every time you shampoo or brush your scalp. 

Symptoms don’t manifest right away. It can take a while before you start losing hair after experiencing a traumatic event. Telogen effluvium is a temporary condition, but it can become chronic if stress is left uncontrolled.

Hair Loss Prevention

In some cases, male pattern baldness is inevitable. But, depending on your personal situation, you can take preventative measures to keep your hair from falling out. 

For example, you want to avoid brushing or styling your hair in a way that involves tight pulling. Also, avoid pulling, twisting, or rubbing your scalp.

You also want to be careful with certain treatments. Some treatments are effective, such as getting a hair transplant, but others might include harsh, chemical treatments that can provoke even more hair loss. 

Heat can also be detrimental. So, it’s best to avoid things such as hair straighteners or other heated styling methods. You should also protect your hair from the harmful UV rays by wearing heat protector every time you go out. 

And, if you’re consuming harmful drugs, such as smoking cigarettes or other similar drugs, it’s time to quit. Smoking accelerates hair loss. 

There’s Still Hope!

Now that we’ve answered the question, “what causes male pattern baldness?” it’s time to seek help. Even though it’s a common condition, there’s no need to panic. Book an appointment with a dermatologist to find the best solution possible. 

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