Vasectomy vs. Tubal Ligation Surgery

When deciding between birth control options, it’s easy to feel lost. There are so many choices out that that selecting the right one for you may feel impossible. However, there are two more permanent birth control options that may interest you.

What is the difference between vasectomy and tubal ligation surgery?

If you and your partner are considering permanent birth control, you have a serious choice to make. Here is some information to help you make a more informed decision.


During a vasectomy, a small portion of the vas deferens is cut and cauterized. This prevents sperm from entering the urethra, acting as a solid way to prevent pregnancy. The procedure needs to be performed on both sides in order to fully prevent mature sperm from entering the urethra.

The procedure is outpatient, only requiring general anesthesia. A small incision is made in order to access the vas deferens. Once the birth control procedure is complete, no stitches are necessary to close the incision point; it should heal on its own within a few weeks.

While it is technically possible to have a reverse vasectomy, it is risky and not advised. If you feel that you may want children in the future, another form of birth control should be used. Always talk with your doctor before considering such a serious procedure.

Tubal Ligation Surgery

During tubal ligation surgery, a section of the fallopian tubes is either cut or blocked off to prevent eggs from entering the uterus. In doing so, the egg is not able to be fertilized. This can be done as an outpatient procedure or can be done after having a c-section while you are already being operated on.

There are risks that come with this surgery, such as infections, bleeding, or damage to other organs. Tubal ligation may also increase your risk of developing an ectopic pregnancy, where the fertilized egg attaches itself to something other than the uterine wall. This puts both mother and baby at risk.

Once again, the tubal ligation procedure can be reversed. The process involves reconnecting the fallopian tube to the uterus or unclamping the tubes; have a look at more information regarding the procedure. However, there are factors that may prevent you from being able to undergo tubal ligation removal.

Which is Better?

There is no right or wrong form of permanent birth control. If you are choosing between tubal ligation or a vasectomy, the best thing you can do is talk to your doctor about your options. Remember, if you suspect that you may change your mind in the future, less permanent forms of birth control may be better for you.

Know the Difference

Now that you know the differences between vasectomy and tubal ligation surgery, you can make an informed decision with your doctor. Remember, if you believe you may change your mind about kids in the future, consider other forms of birth control first.

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