An abnormal pap smear with a negative result from the Pap test can lead to a patient being referred to a colposcopy or STI (uriatic retrofitting). A colposcopy is a procedure whereby the doctor inserts a laparoscope through the rectum into the vagina to view the cervix in order to see if cancerous cells are present. The stethoscope is then placed inside the vagina and it is used to examine the cervix for abnormalities and abnormal bleeding. The stethoscope can also detect adenomatous polyps, which can grow large enough to block the cervix and cause a cancerous lesion. If the stethoscope is unable to detect abnormal bleeding then a referral to an oncology specialist may be made. You can also test for chlamydia with a rapid test.
An abnormal Pap test results in a high percentage of people with cancer. Cancerous cells often grow very quickly and it may be difficult to diagnose them at an early stage. However, once the cancer has grown and spread widely it is very likely that someone will have the condition. There are many different types of Pap tests including the HPV test for women, the HPV test for men and a chest x-ray which may reveal a cancerous lesion. A positive result from the HPV test for women means that a woman should begin efforts to find a cure and stop the cancer from spreading.
A urinalysis Pap test is a way of screening for cervical cancer. A sample of the fluid in the bladder is examined for abnormalities. If a positive result is detected, a treatment regime will be recommended. There are many different causes of Pap testicular cancer including benign tumors. Therefore, a diagnosis of cancerous cells by a pap test needs to be confirmed by biopsy in order to make an accurate referral to a pathologist.
Genital Wart HPV is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a specific strain of HPV. It is very common among women but causes problems with male partners in some cases. An abnormal genital warts Pap test can help to identify if a man is suffering from this disease, which can then be treated aggressively.
Genital Herpes is a condition caused by the infection of the genital tissues with the herpes simplex virus. It is highly contagious and it is the leading cause of cervical cancer in women. The symptoms include painful or burning sensation during intercourse, redness, blisters around the vagina and anus, painful urination and bleeding during sexual intercourse. This condition often affects young adults who have not yet reached adulthood. A negative result on a pap test will indicate that a person does not have this disease.
Syphilis can be diagnosed using a blood test. A blood test for the bacteria T hepatitis C can also screen for this condition. If you have had previous liver disease, diabetes or a chronic liver disease you will be evaluated for a possible link to this disease. A blood test can be very useful in screening for cancer. A negative result from this test indicates that the individual does not have cancer. A positive result indicates that the individual has a potentially cancerous organ.