Thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) are secreted by the thyroid gland. T3 and T4 secretion, on the other hand, is regulated by TSH, or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, which is produced by the pituitary gland. Thyroid illness is caused by an imbalance of T3 and T4 hormones.
The thyroid can be divided into two categories: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Before we get into the specifics of symptoms of thyroid in females, let’s define these classifications and how they affect a woman’s body.
Types of Thyroid: Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Hyper, as the name suggests, is associated with excessive or overproduction of thyroid hormones. T3 and T4 are two basic thyroid hormones that supply iodine to our bodies. These hormones also regulate the secretion and function of other necessary hormones for digestion, bowel movement, cardiac wellness and etc. Excessive secretion of T3 and T4 leads to various health conditions. Hot flashes and weight loss are the two predominant consequences of hyperthyroidism. However, the adverse effects will be discussed in detail in the upcoming segment.
On the contrary to this, hypothyroidism is a disease that rises to the underproduction of thyroid hormones. Unlike hyperthyroidism, patients suffering from hypothyroidism gain weight. Please refer to the next segment for more information on symptoms of thyroid in females.
Symptoms of Thyroid in Females
The general symptoms of thyroid in females vary from individual to individual. However, on a whole, the symptoms stay similar. Here is a brief initiation on the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism, as we have mentioned earlier, is the overproduction of T3 and T4 hormones. The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:
- Abnormal loss of weight
- A sensation of tremble in hands and fingers
- An inexplicable craving for food
- Diarrhea with abnormal bowel movements
- Feeling hot even in an optimum environment
- Fewer menstrual cycles than normal
- Irregular and rapid heartbeat
- Profuse sweating.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is often referred to as underactive thyroid gland disease. It is the most prevalent type of thyroid found in women. The common symptoms of hypothyroidism are:
- Decreased heartbeat
- Excessive sensitivity towards catching a cold
- Puffy face
- Hoarse voice
- Unusual and inexplicable weight gain
- Muscle weakness with mild to severe joint pain
- Prolonged constipation
- Dry skin and hair.
Adverse Effects of Thyroid Disorder on a Woman’s Body
Most women fall victim to thyroid disorders during puberty. In fact, the early or late arrival of puberty affects various functions including the secretion of thyroid hormones. An imbalance in the thyroid hormones ultimately leads to further deterioration of other systems and organs. Here is a list of adverse effects the thyroid disorder inflicts on a woman’s body.
- The biggest change that thyroid disorder brings to a woman is the alteration of the menstruation cycle. It has been observed that women suffering from hyperthyroidism often suffer from irregular menstruation. Adult females fall victim to health conditions such as reduced or complex ovulation and early menopause.
- As we have mentioned in the symptoms segment, thyroid hormones play a crucial role in determining body weight. Females may be severely overweight or underweight despite leading a healthy life due to thyroid disorders.
- A sound mind is always to be found in a sound body. Thyroid disorders invite so many physical issues that patients often resort to depression.
- Adolescence is the formative years of a woman’s life. If a female contracts thyroid during adolescence and suffers from adverse health conditions, it could thrash her confidence.
- Since thyroid hormones control the secretion and function of other hormones, everyday actions like metabolism and bowel movement often get affected owing to thyroid disorders.
Symptoms of thyroid in female are warning indicators, so if you see any of them, please contact an experienced healthcare practitioner right once and begin treatment. Early commencement of treatment keeps thyroid disorders under control.